What Is Cyber Security: Types, Challenges, Tips & More

In today’s world, where technology is a big part of everything we do, keeping information safe is super important for businesses. As a result, cyber security has emerged as a crucial concern for modern enterprises. Cyberattacks are getting fancier & if a company doesn’t take cyber security seriously, it could end up in big trouble. Not being careful about security can make a company an easy target for bad guys.

So it begs the question – what is cyber security?

To help answer this question, we will explore the definition & core components behind cyber security, examine some best practices for keeping your systems secure & provide examples of how powerful it can be when implemented correctly.

Discover cyber security, its importance & how to develop a cyber security program.

What Is Cyber Security?

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Cybers ecurity encompasses a range of technologies, processes & practices that safeguard networks, devices, programs & data from unauthorized access, damage, or attack. It is also commonly known as information technology security.

Different Types Of Cyber security?

Multiple types of cyber security work together to protect an organization’s IT environment. Types of cyber security include:

  1. Network security
  2. Application security
  3. Endpoint security, including Internet of Things (IoT) security
  4. Data security
  5. Identity & access management (IAM)
  6. Database & infrastructure security
  7. Cloud & mobile device security
  8. Disaster recovery & business continuity planning

The Importance Of Cyber Security

  • Cyber security holds immense significance as government, military, corporate, financial & medical organizations handle & store vast amounts of data on computers & other devices.
  • A considerable portion of the data may consist of sensitive information, encompassing intellectual property, financial data, personal information, or different types of data that could lead to adverse outcomes if accessed or exposed without authorization.
  • Organizations transmit sensitive data across networks & devices during business operations & cyber security encompasses the discipline devoted to safeguarding that information & the systems employed for its processing or storage.
  • As cyber-attacks continue to increase in volume & sophistication, it becomes imperative for companies & organizations, particularly those responsible for safeguarding information related to national security, health, or financial records, to prioritize protecting their sensitive business & personnel information.
  • Starting as early as March 2013, prominent intelligence officials of the nation issued a cautionary warning that cyber-attacks & digital espionage pose a significant threat to national security, surpassing even the menace of terrorism.

Types Of Cyber Threats


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The most common types of cyber threats include:

  1. Hacking
  2. Social Engineering
  3. Physical Security Attacks
  4. Viruses & Malware (malicious software)
  5. Ransomware attacks

Challenges Of Cyber Security

To ensure robust cyber security, an organization must effectively coordinate its efforts across its entire information system. The various elements of cyber encompass all of the following:

  • Network security: Safeguarding the network against unauthorized users, attacks & intrusions.
  • Application security: Applications require ongoing updates & rigorous testing to ensure robust safety against potential attacks.
  • Endpoint security: Remote access is an indispensable component of business operations, yet it can pose vulnerabilities to data security. Endpoint security is crucial in safeguarding remote access to a company’s network.
  • Data security: Within networks & applications resides valuable data. Safeguarding company & customer information entails an additional layer of protection.
  • Identity management: This entails comprehending each individual’s organizational access, a crucial aspect of the process.
  • Database & infrastructure security: All components within a network, including databases & physical equipment, play crucial roles. Therefore, ensuring the protection of these devices is of utmost importance.
  • Cloud security: Numerous files exist in digital environments or “the cloud.” Safeguarding data within a fully online setting poses numerous challenges.
  • Security for mobile devices: Cell phones & tablets present various security challenges across multiple fronts.
  • Disaster recovery/business continuity planning: In the event of a security breach, natural disaster, or any other unforeseen circumstance, data protection is crucial while ensuring uninterrupted business operations. To achieve this, a well-defined plan is necessary. End-user education is vital, involving employees accessing the network or customers logging into a company application. Educating users about good cyber security practices, such as regular password changes, strong passwords & implementing two-factor authentication, is essential for maintaining a secure environment.

The most challenging aspect of cyber security lies in the constantly evolving nature of security risks. Historically, organizations & governments have primarily emphasized perimeter security, safeguarding only their critical system components & defending against known threats. However, this approach necessitates revision as threats advance & change rapidly, surpassing organizational capabilities. Consequently, advisory organizations advocate for more proactive & adaptive strategies for cyber security.

In line with this, the National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) has issued guidelines within its risk assessment framework, recommending a shift towards continuous monitoring & real-time assessments – a data-centric approach to security, departing from the conventional perimeter-based model.

Cyber Security Tips

Cyber security strategy is a complex topic. Companies & individuals need to go well beyond simple anti-virus software & solve a variety of different malicious threats & other types of attacks, including:

  • Malicious Actors & Attackers
  • Bad actors seeking financial gain (from individuals as well as financial institutions & businesses)
  • Attacks (sometimes of a massive scale) on government systems (often combatted by government bodies, including the Department of Homeland Security)
  • Ransomware
  • SQL / source code injections
  • Phishing & email scams
  • Man-in-the-Middle Attacks

And many other digital security risks.

Final Words

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In conclusion, cyber security is an umbrella term covering many topics involving data protection, networks & systems. Understanding the risks associated with online activities & how to protect yourself from potential threats is essential.

Cyber security professionals continuously research & investigate new avenues of trouble to help startups & enterprises preserve valuable assets. With cyber security best practices in place, companies can better identify & mitigate inherent risks while maintaining their competitive advantages.

Cyber security is no longer just an IT function but a business imperative if companies look to remain secure in today’s digital landscape. Whether you’re looking for general staff training or consultations for multi-level enterprise requirements, Sea Change Systems provides top-level solutions with complete oversight from highly experienced professionals.

Don’t wait until it’s too late— get ahead of the curve by investing in your business’s cyber security needs with Sea Change Systems today!

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